The Society has a number of roles
- It acts as a watchdog in planning matters and actively encourages sensitive and appropriate developments in the area.
- It plays a proactive role in restoration and conservation work, working in partnership on projects such as the restoration of the DMM Crichton statue by the entrance to the southbound platform at Cupar station. Acting as steward, the Society masterminded the repair of the Provost Statue in Ceres. As owner of the buildings, the Society played a key role in the developement of the Weigh House and adjacent cottages in Ceres, setting up and for many years managing the Fife Folk Museum, now run by the Fife Folk Museum Trust. Letham and Melville Doocots have also been restored in recent years.
In the past, the Society has been involved in the preservation of the old church buildings at Creich, Forgan and Monimail and investigating ways of preserving something of the old industrial buildings which help to form part of the landscape.
- The Society is proud of its record of celebrating examples of sensitive restoration and development in its area through a well-publicised award scheme. Recent award winners include the House of Falkland landscape restoration project, and the Steeple Arts Centre in Newburgh, as well as a number of smaller-scale works.